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J.R.R. Tolkien
Born January 3, 1892
Died February 9, 1973

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, CBE (/ˈtɒlkiːn/ tol-keen;[a] 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor, best known as the author of the classic high-fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.

He served as the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and Fellow ofPembroke College, Oxford, from 1925 to 1945 and Merton Professor of English Language and Literature and Fellow of Merton College, Oxford from 1945 to 1959. He was at one time a close friend of C. S. Lewis - they were both members of the informal literary discussion group known as the Inklings. Tolkien was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II on 28 March 1972. After Tolkien's death, his son Christopher published a series of works based on his father's extensive notes and unpublished manuscripts, including The Silmarillion. These, together with The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings form a connected body of tales, poems, fictional histories, invented languages, and literary essays about a fantasy world called Arda, and Middle-earth within it. Between 1951 and 1955, Tolkien applied the term legendarium to the larger part of these writings.  

While many other authors had published works of fantasy before Tolkien, the great success of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings led directly to a popular resurgence of the genre. This has caused Tolkien to be popularly identified as the "father" of modern fantasy literature - or, more precisely, of high fantasy. In 2008, The Times ranked him sixth on a list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". Forbes ranked him the 5th top-earning "dead celebrity" in 2009. - Wikipedia


J.R.R. Tolkien: Master of the Rings - The Definitive Guide to the World of the Rings (2002) Himself (archive footage)
J.R.R.T. : A Study of John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, 1892-1973 (1992) Himself
Tolkien in Oxford (1968) Himself

The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001) Novel
The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002) Novel
The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003) Novel
The Lord of the Rings (1978) Novel
The Return of the King (1980) Novel
The Hobbit (1977) Novel
Born of Hope (2009) Novel
The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012) Novel
The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (2013) Novel
The Hobbit (1966) Novel
The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies (2014) Novel
The Fantastic Journey of Mr. Bilbo Baggins, the Hobbit (1985) Novel
Mr. Bliss (2004) Novel
Quest for the Ring (2001) Book


The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (0)  
The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (0)  
The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (0)  
The Hobbit (1937)  
The Silmarillion (1977)  



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